Vittorio Lingiardi, Nicola Nardelli (2014)
Negative attitudes to lesbians and gay men
Persecutors and victims
In G. Corona, E. A. Jannini, M. Maggi (Eds.), Emotional, Physical and Sexual Abuse: Impact in Children and Social Minorities (pp. 33–47). Zurich (CH): Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-06787-2_3
Abstract. Negative attitudes toward lesbians and gay men widespread in multiple spheres including mass media, politics, public institutions, pseudoscientific contexts, and interpersonal relationships can be very distressing and sometimes unbearable for the victims. The adoption of the term “homophobia” [Weinberg (Society and the healthy homosexual, 1972)], although it is not entirely satisfactory, can be considered a milestone in Social Sciences because it marked the transition of scientific paradigm from homosexuality (and its “causes”) to antigay hostility (and its causes). For clinical and research purposes, it is important to consider the role of prejudice in affecting psychological well-being and producing minority stress in gay people and their families. At the same time, a comprehensive understanding of sexual prejudice as a form of abuse is necessary to develop prevention policies and practices (e.g., against homophobic bullying) and to avoid antigay biases and secondary victimization (e.g., in the clinical settings). Some tools for the assessment of both explicit and implicit sexual prejudice (both in straight and gay people) will be briefly discussed.